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Motivations – KITAR

Electrical &
Electronic Waste

E-waste is a term used to cover items of all types of electrical and electronic
equipment (EEE) and its parts that have been discarded by the owner as waste
without the intention of re-use.

E-waste may be categorised by product type, product size or even treatment technology.
United Nations use the following categorisation.

Temperature Exchange Equipment

Commonly referred as "cooling and freezing equipment", comprised of refrigerators, freezers, air conditioners, etc.


Which includes all types of fluorescent lamps, high intensity discharge lamps and LED lamps.


Including televisions, monitors, laptops, notebooks and tablets.

Small IT and Telecommunication Equipment

Which includes products such as mobile phones, GPS devices, pocket calculators, routers, printers, telephones, etc.

Small Equipment

Typically comprised of vacuum cleaners, microwaves, fans, toasters, electric kettles, electric shavers, video cameras, etc.

Large Equipment

Which typically includes products such as washing machines, dish washers, electrical stoves, copying equipment, etc.

For KITAR, we focus on the collection of small IT and telecommunication equipment such as smartphones, tablets, camera and power bank along with its chargers and accessories.

The E-Waste Conundrum

E-waste is one of the fastest growing waste streams in developed as well as in developing countries. The amount of e-waste in Asia has risen by close to 63% in five years. Malaysia produced 364 kilo tonnes of e-waste in 2019 alone and the amount of e-waste we generated has grown by 109.26% from 2010 to 2019.

Source: Future E-waste Scenarios by United Nations University (UNU)

Dangers of E-Waste

Ever wondered what happened to old devices that are thrown out?


Discarded mobile devices and accessories are transported to landfill.


Non-biodegradable toxic components accumulate.


The more mobile devices discarded, the more serious pollution becomes.


Toxic materials leak into the environment, for example groundwater.


Toxic contaminants cause health issues within the community.

Electrical and electronic devices are made of hazardous, non-biodegradable components such as lead, cadmium and mercury that could potentially harm your health and pollute the environment. That is why these devices have to be properly disposed of by a certified facility when it’s no longer useful.

E-Waste and Health

Improper disposal system as well as rudimentary and uncontrolled processing methods of e-waste often result in substantial harmful chemical exposures that could cause adverse health effects.

Central nervous system

Affected by antimony, arsenic, beryllium, lead, mercury and polychlorinatedbiphenyls (PCB)

Digestive and urinary system

Affected by antimony, cadmium and lead

Respiratory system

Affected by arsenic, chromium,
mercury and vinyl chloride

Immune system

Affected by dioxins and furans (PCDD/

Reproductive and endocrine system

Affected by brominated flame retardants, dioxins and furans (PCDD/PCDF), DDT and lead


Affected by lead and mercury


Affected by cadmium and lead

Recirculating E-Waste

During the recycling process, your mobile devices will be dismantled into several components such as casing, battery, screen and circuit board.

The unusable materials will be disposed properly while reusable ones are extracted to manufacture new products. This process is known as urban mining.

Metals extracted from e-Waste are up to 40 to 50 times richer than the ore extracted from mines. For example, one tonne of gold ore yields about 5 grams of gold, but one tonne of phone circuitry yields about 150 grams, 30 times as much!

Source: United Nations University

Urban mining makes clever use of the materials that are already there and is a valuable part of the Circular Economy.

All recovered materials will be further processed or sold to relevant manufactures. However, the recovery process must be done in a certified facility that follows standard procedures. Items that can be produced from the recovered resources include stainless steel, batteries, plastic shipping pallets and gold ingots. Recycling partner: KITAR recovery process is carried out by Shan Poornam Metals Sdn. Bhd.

Did You Know?

A circular economy is one that is restorative and regenerative by design, and which aims to keep products, components and materials at their highest utility and value at all times, distinguishing between technical and biological cycles.

Source: Ellen MacArthur Foundation

Benefits of Effective
E-Waste Management

Conserve Natural Resources

Earth resources are finite, thus continuous mining for rare earth metals can cause resource depletion and environmental degradation. Extraction of precious materials through urban mining can conserve resources.

Prevent Pollution

Ethical and environmentally friendly recycling can prevent hazardous contaminants from accumulating in landfills and eventually leaking into the environment. This will prevent further pollution and adverse health effects.

Mitigate Climate Change

Recycling improve the efficiency of e-waste
management which subsequently will reduce the
overall energy consumption and greenhouse
gas emissions.

Eliminate Waste

Around 50 million tonnes of e-waste is generated every year and only around 13% of it is recycled. Reclaiming and reusing valuable materials from discarded devices support sustainable development and reduce waste to a minimum.